Distance Education History
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January 1850
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January 1850  
Correspondence Courses

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In the Mid 1800’s distance education truly began, with a “correspondence course instructing British students in Isaac Pitmans’s shorthand system, using the postal service as the vehicle for submission of work” (Lease & Brown, 2009).This was the beginning of new opportunities for anyone, anywhere to take courses. 

Letters Mailed [Picture] retrieved from https://www.alldaypa.com/blog/letter-box-less-competitive-email-inbox-print-marketing-make-come-back-2014 

January 1892
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January 1892  
College Level Distance Learning Program

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The first college-level distance learning program was created by the University of Chicago. This program marked the beginning of a distance education era, which rapidly grew as technology advanced (Casey, 2008).

Chicago Buildings  [Picture] retrieved from http://www.entranceessays.com/university-of-chicago/images/header-UChicago.jpg

January 1964
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January 1964  
Articulated Instructional Media (AIM) Project

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The Articulated Instructional Media (AIM) Project, led by the University of Wisconsin, helped create a way of systemizing and identifying DE learning practices. Overall, this project was not only a benefit to our country, but also other countries attempting to improve their own DE practices (Casey, 2008).

Target [Picture] retrieved from https://jhdgroup.files.wordpress.com/2015/01/shutterstock_bullseye.jpg

January 1970
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January 1970  
Coastline Community College

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Coastline Community College was the first college without a campus. This college’s courses were all on television (Casey, 2008)! This marked a beginning of a new “first”.

TV [Picture] retrieved from http://venturesafrica.com/wp-content/uploads/2016/11/Television.jpeg

January 1972
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January 1972  
World Conference of the International Council for Correspondence Education

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World Conference of the International Council for Correspondence Education (ICCE) met and theories of non-traditional methods of teaching were actively discussed. This meeting started the beginning of great minds examining the theoretical framework, teaching practices and theory of non-traditional ways of learning. Also at this time, the term “distance education” began to become a known and used word in the academic world (Moore, Pittman, Anderson & Kramarae, 2003).

Theory [Picture] retrieved from http://www.consider-ed.org.uk/wp-content/uploads/2013/11/Theory-Practice.jpg

January 1978
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January 1978  
Bulletin Board System

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Email messages were being sent between students and professors via the Bulletin Board System. The computer opened up a new mode of communication that had never been possible before (Casey, 2008).

BBS [Picture] retrieved from http://www.mcvries.nl/wordpress/wp-content/uploads/2013/05/bbsmenu_large.jpg

January 1985
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January 1985  
Online Graduate Courses

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In the mid 1980’s the first online graduate courses were offered by Penn State and University of Wisconsin-Madison (Moore, Pittman, Anderson & Kramarae, 2003). Having the ability to further ones education past a bachelor’s degree online opened up doors of possibility for those who could not pursue their masters otherwise.

Masters Degree [Picture] retrieved from http://www.schoolanduniversity.com/images/page_uploads/masters_degree_img.jpg

January 1990
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January 1990  
World Wide Web

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Creation of the World Wide Web, which allowed for the creation of many online tools such as Blackboard, WedCT, and Lotus Notes (Lease & Brown, 2009). The World Wide Web helped higher education advance in their technology usage within courses.

WWW [Picture] retrieved from https://www.marketingcloud.com/blog/wp-content/uploads/2014/06/web_browser_w1024.jpeg

January 1993
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January 1993  
Higher Education Learning Commission

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Not only was this the year I was born, but this was also the year the first fully online university was accredited by the Higher Education Learning Commission (Casey, 2008). Accreditation is such an important part of higher education and validity. 

Higher Education Learning Commission [Picture] retrieved from http://www.inkfreenews.com/tag/indiana-commission-for-higher-education/

January 2004
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January 2004  
2.35 Million Students Enrolled in DE Courses

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There are over 2.35 million students enrolled in online distance education courses(Adams, 2007). I found this to be an incredible number, which helped put into perspective the amount of people taking advantage of distance education courses.

People [Picture] retrieved from http://www.freestockphotos.name/wallpaper-original/wallpapers/meeting-of-thousands-of-people-130.jpg

January 2008
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January 2008  
U.S Department of Education

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There was a study by the “U.S Department of Education that examined 1,000 empirical studies of online learning reported in the literature from 1996 through 2008”. This study found that online learner learned performed better than face-to-face students. Hybrid instruction, had the highest effectiveness rates out of face-to-face, on-line, and hybrid (Perry & Pilati, 2011). Learning the advantages and disadvantages of online learning, helps in improving our current and future courses.

Books [Picture] retrieved from http://www.middlemarketcenter.org/Media/Expert%20Perspectives%20Images/EP%20-%20Can%20Literature%20Teach%20Business.jpg

January 2017
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January 2017  
Distance Education NOW

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Distance education has given people- flexibility, access to lifelong professional development, and ability to take courses wherever they are in their geographic location. There has been significant growth in certificate and degree programs offered solely online. There is even a fear in the university world, that if DE courses are not offered they risk losing their competitive edge (Lease & Brown, 2009).

World [Picture] retrieved from http://geology.com/store/wall-maps/world-physical-map-lg.jpg



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