Module 1 DE History

A brief look at the milestones of Distance Education

January 1852
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January 1 (Thursday)  
1852-United States Postal Service

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Pitman Shorthand provided training to receive a certificate of expertise in stenographic shorthand.  Learners would mail their assignments to Cinncinnati, Ohio via the USPS.

January 1873
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January 1 (Wednesday)  
1873-Society to Encourage Studies at Home

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Society to Encourage Studies at Home, a  Boston based program established by Anna Ticknor.  This program offered educational opportunities for women across class boundaries.

January 1882
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January 1 (Sunday)  
1882-Correspondence University

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William Rainey Harper developed a correspondence program in Chautauqua, NY that led to the authorization of correspondence courses by the state of New York.

January 1892
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January 1 (Friday)  
1892-1st college level distance learning program

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The University of Chicago created the first college level distance learning  program that received academic recognition, which utilized the United States Postal Service to exchange lessons and assignments.

January 1920
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January 1 (Thursday)  
1921-Radio

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The first educational radio license provided to the Universities of Salt Lake City, Wisconsin and Minnesota allowing students to hear their instructor.

January 1934
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January 1 (Monday)  
1934-Television broadcasted courses

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The University of Iowa was the first use the television as an instructional medium, which opened the door to further expand the distance learning opportunities by adding a band of 20 channels available to educational institutions by the FCC.

January 1964
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January 1 (Wednesday)  
1964-Best technology study

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Carnegie Corporation was paid to study the best use of technology to identify, categorize, and systematic distance learning practices.

January 1967
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January 1 (Sunday)  
1967-Public Broadcasting Act

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The United States established the Public Broadcasting Act which authorized the creation of the Corporation of Public Broadcasting promoting noncommercial use of tv and radio whose main purpose was to develop high quality programs.

January 1969
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January 1 (Wednesday)  
1969-PBS

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The Corporation of Public Broadcasting negotiated with AT&T to create the first national public system of 140 channels.  (This milestone has been my personal favorite.  When I was a young child I would visit my dad and my grandparents, and we would watch Bob Ross paint and Julia Child cook.  And now, thanks to the wonders of technology, I am able to watch these shows now!)

January 1970
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January 1 (Thursday)  
1970-First fully televised college course

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Coastline Community College created, licensed, and implemented the first fully televised college course.  This college didn't have an actual campus, but rather utilized KOCE-TV to broadcast from.

January 1978
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January 1 (Sunday)  
1978-E-mail

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Email allowed for free flow of information between educators and learners.

January 1982
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January 1 (Friday)  
1982-Satellites

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National Technology, University in Fort Collins offered online degree courses for continuing and graduate education.

January 1989
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January 1 (Sunday)  
1989-University of Phoenix

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As of 2006, the University of Phoenix offers 10 bachelors degrees, 18 masters degrees, 2 doctorate degrees and 21 continuing education programs.

January 1991
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January 1 (Tuesday)  
1991-The information super highway

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The world wide web is the next instructional frontier with the introduction of high-speed broadband transmission increasing the potential for distance learning by allowing for interactive and virtual classrooms.



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