In 1517-1519 Pineda led several expeditions to the western coastlines of the Gulf of Mexico, from the Yucatan Peninsula, to the Panuco River, just north of Veracruz, Mexico
The Great Race to Texas lasted from 1519-1821
the Europeans cam to texas for the 3Gs
he was appointed second in command of an expedition headed up by Panfilo de Narváez, who wanted to claim the territory from Florida to Mexico for Spain
Corpus Christi de la Isleta, the first mission and pueblo in Texas, was established by Antonio de Otermín and Fray Francisco de Ayeta in 1682 and was maintained by Franciscans for Christianizing the Tigua Indians, who accompanied Otermín on his retreat to the El Paso area after his unsuccessful attempt to recover New Mexico in the winter of 1681–82.
LaSalle Fort St. Louis was established in 1685 near Arenosa Creek and Matagorda Bay by explorer Robert Cavelier de La Salle.
The Spanish established this branch of the road to connect the missions, presidios and other provincial governmental centers to each other and to Mexico City. Texas' Camino Real, sometimes known around the 1700s or 1800s as the Camino Real de Los Tejas, was not a single trail.
San Antonio was fonuded in 1718 because that was the feast day of St. Anthony of Padua and the day that a Spanish expedition came to the river they called Rio San Antonio
Spanish explorers first visited the site, then a camp of the Payaya Indians, in 1691. San Antonio was founded May 1, 1718, when a Spanish expedition from Mexico established the MissionSan Antonio de Valero.
On February 14, 1719, the Marqués de San Miguel de Aguayo made a report to the king of Spain proposing that 400 families be transported from the Canary Islands
Presidios were essential to the colonization of Texas.The main purpose of apresidio was to protect the colonists from attacks by Native Texans. Presidio soldiers were also expected to bring back any natives who ran away from the mission. In addition, they protected groups bringing supplies from the Rio Grande.
The establishment of the presidio-mission complex atSan Antonio in 1716 by Alonso de Alarcón proved to be a strategic move on Spain's part. During the 1730s -1740s, the Spanish mission field spread from east Texas to San Antonio and La Bahia.
Mission San Jose was comepleted in 1782 by Fray Antonio Margil de Jesus, at which time it sustained over 300 inhabitants. It quickly became the largest Texas Mission, and was often referred to as the “Queen of the Missions.”
The notion that he might personally lead an armed uprising against the viceregal government of New Spain apparently struck Father Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla sometime in 1809 as he was attending a meeting of a provincial literary club.However, transforming this obscure country priest into a revolutionary sworn to the cause of Mexican independence.
Since Roman Catholicism was the state religion for Spain and its colonies, Spain stipulated Catholicism as the state religion when Texas was opened to Anglo-American immigration in 1820.