Environmental Policy

by Elisabeth Eufemia, Suristee Motiram, Lucy Sharpe, Abby George, Madison Mento, Alyssa Dawson, and Caroline Welle
 

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Election of 1968

Republican Vice President Richard Nixon going up against the democratic nominee Hubert Humphrey. Richard Nixon won the election and became the 37th president of the United States.

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National Environment Policy Act (NEPA) 1969

With the democratic party controlling congress and Richard Nixon as president, Nixon passed this law in 1969 to require government agencies to file an Environmental Impact Statement to the government every time a policy is negatively affecting the natural environment. The creation of this law was triggered by the events of the Hoover Dam, Kennedy Airport, Cape Canaverd's space facility and Tennessee Valley Authority projects.

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Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) 1970

President Richard Nixon started the first environmental legislation and created the EPA law to reduce or alleviate any harmful effects on nature and its natural resources. During this time of legislation, congress was controlled by the democratic party.

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Clean Air Act of 1970

During 1970, congress was controlled by the democrats. The original law was passed in 1963 to  help prevent pollution, but major changes and affects didn't happen until 1970 when President Richard Nixon passed the new version of the act that charges the EPA with protecting and improving the quality of the nation's air, to minimize people's exposure to airborne containments. The automobiles were causing more pollution as their emissions were increasing, promoting the passage of this law. 

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Water Pollution Control Act (Clean Water Act) 1972

This law was passed by Richard Nixon due to the large amount of pollution in the Northeastern rivers and the Great Lakes. Congress was controlled by the democratic party and in 1972 when this act was passed, only 1/3 of US lakes and rivers were safe for fishing and drinking and  by 2016 it has doubled to 2/3. 

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Endangered Species Act of 1973

Congress is being controlled by democrats while president Nixon is republican. The increasing amount of endangered species due to expanding human populations and growing demands for development influenced the creation of this law. This act requires government to protect each of the species listed as endangered, regardless the consequences.

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Watergate Scandal of 1974

Watergate scandal where President Richard Nixon was found guilty of trespassing and illegally trying to recover information at the Democratic National Committee, causing him to be impeached and Vice President Gerald Ford to become president in 1974.

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Safe Drinking and Water Act of 1974

Republican President Gerald Ford signed into law this act to assure that the public is provided with safe drinking water that does not contain bacteria or dirty substances that could cause diseases. Congress was controlled by the democrats during this time. 

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Election of 1976

President Gerald Ford against democrat Jimmy Carter, where Jimmy Carter won the election and became 39th president of the United States.

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Solid Waste Pollution Policy of 1976

Congress was controlled by democratic party. Solid waste management issues emerged in the United States due to the increasing amounts of solid waste generated, shrinking landfill capacity, rising disposal costs, and strong opposition to the siting of new solid waste facilities. These are factors contributing to the making and passage of this act. This law was created to protect human health and the environment from the potential hazards of waste disposal, conserve energy and natural resources, reduce the amount of waste generated, and ensure that wastes are managed in an environmentally sound manner. 


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Conservation and Recovery Act of 1977

President Jimmy Carter signed this act into law to track toxic chemicals, specify how the chemicals are to be handled while in use or in transit and to prescribe certain disposal techniques. Congress was ruled by democrats in 1977.

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Comprehensive Environmental Response Compensation and Liability Act of 1980

In 1980, Hooker Chemical Company dumped toxic wastes near the shores of the Love Canal in NYC, that were discovered to cause adults to develop kidney and liver problems. Congress was controlled by democrats who established a superfund to clean up toxic waste sites, created by taxing chemical substances under this act that was passed into law by President Jimmy Carter.

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Election of 1980

President Jimmy Carter against republican nominee Ronald Reagan, and Ronald Reagan won the election and became the 40th president. 

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Reauthorization of the Superfund policy to become the Emergency Planning and Communtiy Right-To-Know Act in 1986

Reauthorized by Ronald Reagan when the senate was controlled by republicans and the house was controlled by the democrats to improvise the superfund and create more restrictions against toxic chemical waste.

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Election of 1988

Republican George H. W. Bush running against democratic Michael Dukakis, where George H. W. Bush. won the election and became the 41st president of the US.

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Reauthorization of the Clean Air Act in 1990

George H. W. Bush amended this act to increase controls of cars, oil refineries, chemical plants and coal-fired utility plants. With congress being controlled by the democrats and the new authorization of the law, air pollution from toxic-organic compounds and sulfur dioxide has decreased.

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Election of 1992

President George H. W. Bush against Arkansas governor Bill Clinton, where democrat Bill Clinton wins and becomes 42nd president.

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Election of 2000

Republican nominee George W. Bush running against democratic candidate Al Gore, where George W. Bush won and became 43rd president of US.

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Energy Policy Act of 2005

Congress is controlled by republicans and President George W. Bush signed this act into law to ensure jobs for our future with secure, affordable, productive and reliable energy. 



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