APUSH Timeline
February 1945
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February 4 (Sunday)  
Yalta Conference

Was a meeting with the heads of government including the United States, the United Kingdom and the Soviet Union.

March 1946
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March 5 (Tuesday)  
Churchill and The Iron Curtian

Churchill delivers his “iron curtain” speech that was descended across Eastern Europe. 

March 1947
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March 12 (Wednesday)  
Truman Doctrine

President Harry S. Truman presented this address before a joint session of Congress. His message, and asked Congress for $400 million in military and economic assistance for Turkey and Greece

June 1948
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June 24 (Thursday)  
Berlin Airlift

At the end of the WWII, U.S., British, and Soviet military forces divided and occupied Germany. This ended on May 12, 1949, when Soviet forces lifted the blockade on land access to western Berlin.

April 1949
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April 4 (Monday)  
NATO Formed

The North Atlantic Treaty Organization, is an intergovernmental military alliance based on the North Atlantic Treaty which was signed on April 4, 1949.

August 1949
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August 29 (Monday)  
Soviets Detonated an Atomic Bomb

The Soviet Union exploded its first atomic bomb. It came as a great shock to the United States. 

February 1950
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February 9 (Thursday)  
McCarthyism

A campaign against alleged communists in the US government and other institutions carried out under Senator Joseph McCarthy in the period. Many of the accused were blacklisted or lost their jobs, although most did not in fact belong to the Communist Party.

June 1950
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June 25 (Sunday)  
Korean War

Began when North Korea invaded South Korea. The United Nations, and United States came to aid South Korea. China came to aid North Korea, the war ended in 1953. 

November 1952
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November 1 (Saturday)  
U.S. Devolpes Hydrogen Bomb

The United States conducted its first nuclear test of a fusion device, or “hydrogen bomb,” at Eniwetok in the Marshall Islands.

June 1953
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June 12 (Friday)  
Julius and Ethel Rosenberg Exicuted

Julius and Ethel Rosenberg, a married couple convicted of conspiracy to commit espionage in 1951, are put to death in the electric chair. The execution marked the dramatic finale of the most controversial espionage case of the Cold War.  

May 1955
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May 14 (Saturday)  
Warsaw Pact

The Warsaw Treaty Organization (also known as the Warsaw Pact) was a political and military alliance established on May 14, 1955 between the Soviet Union and several Eastern European countries.

November 1955
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November 1 (Tuesday)  
Vietnam War

 It was the second of the Indochina Wars and was officially fought between North Vietnam and the government of South Vietnam. The North Vietnamese army was supported by the Soviet Union, China and other communist allies and the South Vietnamese army was supported by the United States, South Korea, Australia, Thailand and other anti-communist allies. 

May 1960
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May 1 (Sunday)  
U2 Spy incident

During the presidency of Dwight D. Eisenhower and the premiership of Nikita Khrushchev, when a United States U-2 spy plane was shot down while in Soviet airspace. 

April 1961
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April 17 (Monday)  
Bay of Pigs Invasion

Was a failed military invasion of Cuba undertaken by the CIA. 

October 1962
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October 16 (Tuesday)  
Cuban Missile Crisis

Was a 13-day confrontation between the United States and the Soviet Union concerning American ballistic missile deployment in Italy and Turkey with consequent Soviet ballistic missile deployment in Cuba. 

May 1969
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May 26 (Monday)  
SALT

The first of the Strategic Arms Limitation talks between the U.S.S.R. and the U.S.  Communist leader Leonid Brezhnev, who was the general secretary of the Soviet Communist Party, met with U.S. President Richard Nixon in November of 1969 to come up with a treaty that would contain the arms race.

June 1979
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June 18 (Monday)  
SALT II

In Vienna, Brezhnev and President Jimmy Carter signed the SALT II treaty. Since the two countries had developed different strategies, with the U.S.S.R. focusing on larger warheads and the U.S. concentrating on missiles with a greater accuracy, specifications of the previous treaties had to be changed.

March 1980
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March 1 (Saturday)  
Glasnost

 Means “openness” and was the name for the social and political reforms to bestow more rights and freedoms upon the Soviet people. Its goals were to include more people in the political process through freedom of expression. This led to a decreased censoring of the media, which in effect allowed writers and journalists to expose news of government corruption and the depressed condition of the Soviet people. 

March 1985
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March 1 (Friday)  
Perestrokia

Was a political movement for reformation within the Communist Party of the Soviet Union.

November 1989
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November 9 (Thursday)  
Collapse of the Berlin Wall

The spokesman for East Berlin’s Communist Party announced a change in his city’s relations with the West. Starting at midnight that day, he said, citizens of the GDR were free to cross the country’s borders.



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