moniques early colanization of texas

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1579 Pineda maps Texas

Alonso Álvarez de Pineda was a Spanish explorer and cartographer who was first documented in Texas history. In 1519 he led several expeditions tomap the western coastlines of the Gulf of Mexico, from the Yucatán Peninsula to the Pánuco River, just north of Veracruz.

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1537 Cabeza de Vaca reports on Texas

Alvar Núñez Cabeza de Vaca  was born in Jeréz de la Frontera, Spain, to a noble family; his early career was in the military. In 1527, he was appointed second in command of an expedition headed up by Panfilo de Narváez, who wanted to claim the territory from Florida to Mexico for Spain.

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1682 Spaniards establish the First Texas mission at Corpus Christi de la Ysleta

 Corpus Christi de la Isleta, the first mission and pueblo in Texas, was established by Antonio de Otermín and Fray Francisco de Ayeta in 1682 and was maintained by Franciscans for Christianizing the Tigua Indians, who accompanied Otermín on his retreat to the El Paso area after his unsuccessful attempt to recover New Mexico in the winter of 1681–82

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1685 LaSelle establishes Fourt St.Louis

The French colonization of Texas began with Fort Saint Louis in present-day southeastern Texas. It was established in 1685 near Arenosa Creek and Matagorda Bay by explorer Robert Cavelier de La Salle.


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1778 Founding of San Antonio

San Antonio was given its name on June 13, 1691, because that was the feast day of St. Anthony of Padua -- and the day that a Spanish expedition came to the river they called Rio San Antonio. But San Antonio was not founded until 1718, when its first mission and first presidio were established at San Pedro Springs.

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1731 East Texas Missions are moved to San Antonio

The establishment of the presidio-mission complex atSan Antonio in 1716 by Alonso de Alarcón proved to be a brilliant strategic move on Spain's part. During the 1730s and 1740s, the Spanish mission field spread from east Texas to San Antonio and La Bahia.

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1782 Mission San Jose is completed in San Antonio and other missions are built

Mission San José y San Miguel de Aguayo is a historic Catholic mission in San Antonio, Texas, United States. The mission was named in part for the Marquis de San Miguel de Aguayo, José de Azlor y Virto de Vera. Many buildings on the campus of Texas Tech University in Lubbock, Texas, borrow architectural elements from those found at Mission San José.[1]

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1810 father hidalgos speech encourages mexicans , texans ,and others to fight for independence

The intriguing notion that he might personally lead an armed uprising against the viceregal government of New Spain apparently struck Father Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla sometime in 1809 as he was attending a meeting of a provincial literary club. What began as romantic fancy became the call of destiny, however, transforming this obscure country priest into a revolutionary sworn to the cause of Mexican independence.



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