Exploration & Early Colonization of Texas
Alonso Alvarez de Pineda mapped Texas when he was making a map for the Gulf Coast.
Alvar Nunez Cabeza de Vaca and his cohort shipwrecked near Texas. They became the first Europeans to set foot in Texas.
Francisco Vasquez de Coronado led an expedition across northern Texas in search of the Seven Cities of Cibola.
Spaniards establish the first Texas mission at Corpus Christi de la Ysleta. It was established by Antonio de Otermin and Francisco de Ayeta.
Robert Cavelier established Fort St. Louis at Matagorda Bay, which was the foundation for France's hold over Texas.
Alonso de Leon arrived at Fort St. Louis and found it abandoned. He found it while on an expedition to renew Spanish existence in Texas.
The Alamo (San Antonio de Valero) is established
Mission San Jose is established
San Francisco de la Espada is founded at san Antonio.
56 Canary Islanders come to San Antonio and become the core of San Fernando de Bexar on San Antonio River
Mission San Jose is completed in san Antonio. It was the largest Texas mission and was often referred to as the "Queen of the Missions".
Father Hidalgo's speech encourages Mexicans, Texans, and others to fight for independence. Begins the Mexican War of Independence.
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