Samuel Wells' Exploration of Tx.

Exploration & Early Colonization of Texas

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1519

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Alonso Alvarez de Pineda mapped Texas when he was making a map for the Gulf Coast. 

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1528

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Alvar Nunez Cabeza de Vaca and his cohort shipwrecked near Texas. They became the first Europeans to set foot in Texas. 

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1540-1542

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Francisco Vasquez de Coronado led an expedition across northern Texas in search of the Seven Cities of Cibola.

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1682

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Spaniards establish the first Texas mission at Corpus Christi de la Ysleta. It was established by Antonio de Otermin and Francisco de Ayeta.  

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18 February 1685

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Robert Cavelier established Fort St. Louis at Matagorda Bay, which was the foundation for France's hold over Texas.

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22 April 1689

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Alonso de Leon arrived at Fort St. Louis and found it abandoned. He found it while on an expedition  to renew Spanish existence in Texas. 

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1718

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The Alamo (San Antonio de Valero) is established

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1720

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Mission San Jose is established

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March 5, 1731

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San Francisco de la Espada is founded at san Antonio. 

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March 9, 1731

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56 Canary Islanders come to San Antonio and become the core of San Fernando de Bexar on San Antonio River 

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1782

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Mission San Jose is completed in san Antonio. It was the largest Texas mission and was often referred to as the "Queen of the Missions". 

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September 16, 1810

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Father Hidalgo's speech encourages Mexicans, Texans, and others to fight for independence. Begins the Mexican War of Independence. 



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