Texas History Timeline

These are some important event in the history of Texas.

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Pineala maps Texas. 1519

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Alonso Alvarez de Pineda is a Spanish explorer and was also a cartographer. He was in a lot of expeditions to explore the coast line of Texas. He was the first person to put Texas on a map. 

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Cabeza de Vaca reports on Texas- 1537

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Cabeza de Vaca was a Spanish explorer. His expedition started off with 300 men but many died wherever the landed from Indian attacks and sickness. When he landed somewhere on the coast of Texas he had anywhere from 80-90 men. When the landed it didn't get easy. Almost all the men died from Indians and illness. At one point it was just him and 3 other men left. They were all captured by the Karankawa indian tribe and forced into slavery for 2 year. They were let free for Cabeza de Vaca's medicine man skills.

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Spaniards establish the first Texas mission at Corpus Christi de la Ysleta- 1682

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In 1682 the first Spanish mission in Texas was made in Corpus Christi. It was made by Antonio de Otermin and Francisco de Ayeta. It was made for converting Tigua indians into Christians.

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La Salla establishes Fort St. Louis- 1685

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The first French colonization of Texas began with Robert Cevelier de la Salle in what is now present day southeastern Texas.

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Founding of San Antonio- 1718

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San Antonio was first given the name San Antonio because a river that they named Rio San Antonio. It was named on June 13, 1691. It wasn't founded until 1718 because that is when its first mission and presidio were made. 

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East Texas missions are moved to San Antonio- 1731

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The Spanish abandoned east Texas and moved all the missions to San Antonio. There became a lot of Spanish missions along the Rio San Antonio. This grew the population of San Antonio and was the start to creating the big city San Antonio is today.

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Mission San Jose is completed in San Antonio and other missions are built- 1781

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This mission was finished being built along the Rio San Antonio. It is known as The Queen of Missions.

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Father Hidalgo says a speech that encourages the people to fight for independence- 1810

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Father Hidalgo was a Roman Catholic priest that is known as the father of Mexican Independence. He made a speech the made the people of Spanish colonies in North America to fight for independence from Spain.



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