Grecia's Great timeline of Colonization and Exploration in Texas

Since you clicked on my awesome and great timeline you will learn why the europeans decided to come to Texas and explore land.

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1419

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August 3, 1492 is when Christopher Colombus was set out with three ships called The Nina, The Pinta, and The Santa Maria to find Asia. In his attempt to find a new route to Asia he attempted to sail West and go around the world ending in East Asia. Instead he has found American believing it is India.

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Why the Europeans traveled to new places

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The three main reasons the Europeans traveled to America were called the three G's. The three G's stood for god, gold, and glory. 

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1519

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A Spanish explorer  called Alonso Alvarez de Pineda found the coast of Texas and mapped it, he was the first person to document Texas. This was a catagraph so the map of Texas was inaccurate. Alonso Alvarez de Pineda also mapped Florida and parts of the U.S. passing the Mississippi river. On this year the first meeting between Moctezuma II and Hernan Cortes happened in Tenochitlan.

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1537

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Álvar Núñez Cabeza de Vaca returned to Spain from exploring and started to write a book about the years he traveled in the New World. This book was La Relacion published in 1542 this book is one of the first that describe the Native American tribes in great detail. On this year the first complete Bible in English is printed establishing this year as a success for literature. 

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1682

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The El Paso area was were the Spanish setterlers made their first missions. The first mission was Corpus Christi de la Ysleta and the second mission was called Nuestra Señora del Socorro. These missions were used to colonize Texas through religion, helping Native Americans be introduced to the modern world of Spain.

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1685

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René Robert Cavelier, Sieur de LaSalle established a settlement of the French on the Coast of Texas. This was the the begining of French colonization in Texas. René Robert Cavelier, Sieur de La Salle believed that the Mississippi River led to the Gulf of Mexico, the geography of Texas was still un-know due to the early stages of exploration. This settlement ended in 1688 when the members of the colony were killed in a raid. Spain attempted to find this colony in 1686 but were unable to locate it.

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1718

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On May 1st , 1718 the mission San Antonio de Valero was given to Father Antonio de San Buenaventura y Olivares as possesion, this mission is better know as The Alamo.On May 5th 1718 the Presidio San Antonio de Bexar was also founded. In this year France officially declared war against Spain.On this year  the city of New Orleans was also Founded by Jean-Baptiste Le Moyne de Bienville 

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1731

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Many Spanish missions started moving  East towards San Antonio, on this year the first Mission built by Spain in 1690 Mission San Francisco de los Texas moved to San Antonio and was renamed Mission San Francisco de la Espada. Starting on this year and ending in 1745 the Espada Aqueduct was built along with gravity-flow ditches and damns to help cultivate the land. The catalyst of a war between Britain and Spain happened on this year when the ear of a British mariner Robert Jenkins was cut off by Spanish Guarde Costa. 

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1782

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On 1782 the model mission for all other Texas missions was built. This was the Mission of San Jose also know as the Queen of Missions. This mission sustained Native American converts through agriculture and livestock, it also included a church, convent, mill and granary making it one of the more modern missions at the time. After San Jose was built other missions were built in example.  On this year Bank of North America opens in Philadelphia making it the first commercial bank in the U.S.

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1810

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On September 16, 1810 the speech know as the Grito de Dolores occurred. The speech was made by Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla also known as the Father of Independence. El Grito de Dolores was the catalyst for the Mexican Revolution in which many Mexicans and Texans revolted against the Spain. On this year Spain surrenders to France 



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