Exploration & Early Colonization of Texas​

I will walk you through the steps of the important times in exploration and early colonization of texas.

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1519

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Alonso Álvarez de Pineda 1494-1520 was a Spanish explorer and cartographer who was first documented in Texas history. In 1519 he led several expeditions tomap the western coastlines of the Gulf of Mexico, from the Yucatán Peninsula to the Pánuco River, just north of Veracruz.

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1537

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Alvar Núñez Cabeza de Vaca 1490-1560 was born in Jerézde la Frontera, Spain, to a noble family; his early career was in the military. In 1527, he was appointed second in command of an expedition headed up by Panfilo de Narváez, who wanted to claim the territory from Florida to Mexico for Spain.

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1682

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Corpus Christi de la Isleta, the first mission and pueblo in Texas, was established by Antonio de Otermín and Fray Francisco de Ayeta in 1682 and was maintained by Franciscans for Christianizing the Tigua Indians, who accompanied Otermín on his retreat to the El Paso area after his unsuccessful attempt to recover New Mexico in the winter of 1681–82.



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